## Bridging Theory and Practice: Abaqus Tutorial for Civil Engineering

In general, Abaqus software for civil engineers is practical. civil engineers use finite element software to investigate a structure under different loads due to their high accuracy and high accordance with reality. Therefore, it is safe to say that civil engineers frequently rely on Abaqus for civil engineering to optimize foundation designs and assess soil-structure interactions. In the present Abaqus tutorial for civil engineering package, we have presented all the software skills that a civil engineer needs when he wants to use his/her engineering knowledge in computer-aided designing.

ABAQUS for beginners (Abaqus tutorial for civil engineering) education package is an ideal package of CAE simulation for students, scholars, researchers, and professors.

Abaqus tutorial for civil engineering package is helpful for beginner students; it has also spoken of many important tips for old users. In addition, it presents theories that govern it and different examples for understanding issues. Furthermore, explanations have been made in every lesson. If you study mechanical engineering, you can check out the mechanical version.

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## Abaqus software for civil engineering: A Step-by-Step Tutorial for Civil Engineers

Abaqus software for civil engineering is the same version as Mechanical engineering, but civil engineers should use some features related to civil engineering topics. If you are new to Abaqus, it would be useful to know Abaqus Documentation and know how it would be hard to use it without video pieces of training.

Abaqus software for civil engineering is a versatile tool with applications across various domains. It serves as a practical tool in areas such as structural analysis, geotechnical engineering, and the study of concrete and material behavior, among others. This package is designed to provide comprehensive solutions for the core principles of these fields.

Abaqus for civil engineering is instrumental in the retrofitting of existing concrete beams, especially when utilizing fiber reinforced materials. Abaqus for civil engineering enables you to precisely model the interaction between concrete and these reinforcing fibers. Furthermore, it empowers you to configure specific load and boundary conditions through the use of subroutines, offering the flexibility required to implement your desired modifications effectively. If you are new to our website, it is recommended to visit our main page of the **Abaqus tutorial**, which has lots of resources on Abaqus training.

Read More: ABAQUS Standard or ABAQUS Explicit?

## Abaqus for Civil Engineering: Structural Engineering Abaqus Tutorial

Abaqus tutorial for civil engineering package includes **10 lessons** and** 15workshops**. The workshop topics are designed to provide many tips for learning ABAQUS. Topics presented include areas, basic concepts of FEM, modeling of truss structures, modeling of beam structures, calculating stress concentration, calculating displacement in loaded plates, simulating structures with static and dynamic loading, calculating natural frequency, calculating buckling load, Composite material simulation, Damage and plasticity modeling, Simulation of cohesive behavior and etc. (Abaqus software for civil engineering)

Read More: Causes and Solutions for Abaqus Negative Eigenvalues warning

Welcome to the Abaqus structural analysis tutorial, where CAE Assistant stands out in several key ways:

In this Abaqus tutorial for beginners we will guide you going from the** basics up to complex **simulation techniques, and it is **very fluid and comprehensive, **and every single detail is explained.

Every lesson goes** straight to the point**, without any worthless piece of content. You will learn what you need at every stage and you will be putting it into practice **from the very first day.**

In a word, being complete and having support in this Abaqus tutorial for beginners is the essential value of this course.

Most importantly, **we support you** as you learn in this course. You can **contact our experts** to ask your questions and enjoy our modeling and simulations **step-by-step support for **Abaqus software for civil engineering.

This is just the beginning for you and if you want to become a professional in Abaqus and simulation, you can **use our advanced packages** and become a professional in advanced Abaqus coding.

Overall, Abaqus for civil engineering offers advanced capabilities for simulating the structural integrity of bridges and buildings under various load conditions. Click on the chapters of each lesson on the right section of this tab to know the details of the tips and issues presented in this very comprehensive and useful Abaqus tutorial for civil engineering package.

Read More: Introduction to FEA software

In this lesson of the Abaqus structural analysis tutorial, we talk about CAE importance among other methods of computer design, analyzing, and production of a part or product. Then, the outline of software and all of its common options and simulation procedures are explained.

**One of the important issues in using ABAQUS software is unit determination. This lesson explains about common units and compatible ones and obtaining methods of it.**

Finally, a 2D truss under concentrated force is simulated. In this example, all the simulation procedures are explained step by step. Also, useful tips in different modules will be explained such as assigning material, loading, observing common outputs like stress, strain and, in addition, getting reports of desired items such as nodes displacement.

This lesson of the Abaqus structural analysis tutorial, is very attractive to the users of finite elements. In this lesson, you will be familiar with the finite element completely. First, starts with some simple examples like meshing an aerial structure, calculating the circumference of a circle, and displacement calculation of a structure with geometric complication. Then, it discusses using finite element tools to solve problems step by step.

**Furthermore, this lesson explains about different types of elements in terms of shape, element and node, freedom degree, and finite element is used for two types of problems. They and FEM instruction will be described to solve a difficult shape step by step. The users must know that using the FEM method has its advantages and disadvantages.**

They will be explained completely with examples and figures. In the end, the degree of freedom and plane stress element and plane strain with problems that can use these elements will be described completely. It is necessary to know that one of the most important issues of using simulation software is studying convergence. The description of studying convergence is the last theory content in this lesson.

Two workshops are investigated in this lesson: In the first one, a three-dimension truss is simulated to model a 3D structure in space, using the software tree diagram, reading results, etc. In the second one, a sheet undergoes plane stress and the notes related to plane elements, applying tensional extensive load, reading results in a curved path, symmetric condition and model simplification, software technique for investigating convergence, and so on will be studied.

- In this lesson of the Abaqus structural analysis tutorial we focus on elements. At first, it explains the types of characteristics of elements including family, degree of freedom, number of nodes, formulation, and integration completely. Then, the beam element and its items of use will introduce. The beam element can be used in two different formulations, Bernoulli and Timoshenko with different theories and different applications which will be explained in detail.
- In the first workshop, a single clamped beam under concentrated force is simulated. The results from simulation and formulation analysis will be compared.
- In the second workshop, beam simulation with the beam element and continuum element will be done and compared. The workshop describes the simulation with continuum element, beam element simulation tips, extracting moment results, force along the beam and cross-section, and parts observation with different colors; and also, it explains beam modeling in a dynamic analysis which includes loading, and getting HTML results from simulation procedure.

- This lesson is one of the most important lessons in this Abaqus tutorial for beginners package. In this lesson, Explicit and standard solvers will be completely discussed. In this study, in the first step, it will be explained to choose an appropriate solver for each example by considering solver capability.
- The key differences between these two solvers are described in solving different types of problems and the field element type of analysis, using contact, solving method, and so on. In the next step, the influence of mesh size on the speed of analysis for the two solvers is investigated.
- It has been tried in a simple problem the solving process with two solvers, standard and explicit, to be completely explained. Therefore you will be completely familiar with the function of these two solvers.
- Another workshop is an explosion of a wall

- In this Structural engineering Abaqus tutorial lesson, very important tips about explicit solvers are studied. In the first step, different types of analysis are explained which are done by the dynamic explicit solver. Furthermore, the concept of stable time increment and calculation method will be described with examples completely and precisely.
- In some problems, the speed of analysis can be increased with the help of different techniques such as mass-scale and load rate scaling. These two techniques are explained completely. Some tips are passed on calculating optimal values for use in these two techniques. In the end, some points are explained about energy balance and remaining the problem in the quasi-static (versus Dynamic) state.
- In the first workshop, we have Reduced beam simulation under large displacement loading
- The plane strain element is used in the second workshop, and methods of increasing the analysis speed are investigated. Furthermore, rolling modeling tips to decrease the thickness along the rolling shelf are presented. In the end, energy balance is checked to prevent it from becoming dynamic.

- This Structural engineering Abaqus tutorial lesson will discuss linear analysis versus nonlinear analysis. At first, the lesson will explain natural frequency analysis and related formulas step by step to obtain the answer. Also, the influence of the natural frequency analysis, capabilities, and the speed of each one is described. In the next stage, buckling analysis, the application, and the effect on other processes are introduced.
- To become familiar with the buckling process, an Euler beam is studied, and the buckling load is calculated by solving differential equations. In the following, the general solving method of buckling equations, its usage in the finite element software and, different types of solving techniques and capabilities of the software to process buckling load in various structures is investigated.
- Workshop 1: Post-buckling of a frame
- Workshop 2: Simulating vibration of a piping system

This lesson is talking about full tips for modeling adhesive in Abaqus software. (This lesson is presented elastic equations and, adhesive damage along with full explanation and theories)

Also, according to the two methods, element-based and surface-based, some matters can be investigated as listed below: different kinds of problems that can be done by these two methods, applicable models in any of these problems, tips about modeling in modules, output definition, different elements, convergence and, issues about divergence. In addition, the difference between these two methods is studied in different steps of pre-processing and post-processing in full detail. In the first workshop of this Abaqus tutorial for beginners, a single-lap joint, an adhesive between two aluminum, will be under tensile loading by the Element-based method. The damage initiation and progressive damage in the forms of linear properties degradation are investigated. In the modeling, necessary tips have been given for simulation. In the second workshop, a concrete brick wall with building materials which has similar properties with adhesive is going to be underweight loading, concentrate force and, the compressive force from different directions; and damage initiation and progressive damage will be studied exponentially by the surface-based method. In the third workshop, the adhesive between two beams is defined and linear progressive damage is investigated by the surface-based method and Abaqus standard solver. One of the matters in this analysis is solving the divergence problems with the help of the required techniques

- Workshop 1: Simulation single lap joint under tension
- Workshop 2: Simulation of masonry wall in Abaqus
- Workshop 3: Debonding behavior of a double cantilever beam

This lesson explains modeling reinforced beam-column (with bar and composite) FRP. All the concepts and related theories will be discussed at the beginning of the lesson. Concentrated concepts in this lesson are listed below: damage and continuum damage, ductile damage of metals, Hashin damage initiation and progressive damage based on energy method for composites, concrete definition, elastic properties, concrete plastic properties definition, and its behavior in tensile and compression and, progressive damage behavior in tensile and pressure of the concrete. Outputs of this workshop are listed below: investigating different stress and strain fields, displacement, and also investigating damage initiation in metals, composites and, concretes. ** ** ** **

- In this lesson which is part of the simulation of composite damage package, first, damage definition and its application is explained. Then, the lecturer will investigate the differences between microscopic and macroscopic damage. Types of damage start scale and continuation of damage of composites are examined.
- In this lesson’s workshop, the start of damage and continuation of damage according to Hashin scale in a plane with a hole under ununiformed loading will be done. Also, other matters are explained, such as composite elastic characteristics definition, required parameters for the start of Hashin damage scale, needed settings for field output to observe results and see the results in layers for fiber and matrix independently.
- You could see different examples about modeling composites and investigating the damage in these materials in the package. Other packages are available about composites material such as damage in 3D elements, fatigue analysis and, a complete package about these materials.

This Structural engineering Abaqus tutorial lesson discusses hardening in Abaqus software. First, the hardening concept, typical types of hardening, and related equations are fully defined. Also, several phenomena are described, such as the Bushinger effect, cyclic hardening with shakedown, and ratcheting and relaxation. In the end, the hysteresis graph and how to draw the graph will be explained. In this lesson, two workshops will present. In the first one, the effect of the earthquake on a brace or applying kinematic curve and applied load in the top section are examined. A combined curve with applying force on the lower section is investigated in the second workshop. These two workshops present step-by-step modeling, investigating different kinds of output contours, and hysteresis graphs.

**Users ask these questions**

In social media, users asked questions regarding Abaqus general issues, and we answered a few of them; you can see them below.

## I. Assigning a horizontal projected load to a spherical shell

Q: I am working on loads such as snow load and was wondering how to apply a uniform horizontal projected load to a spherical shell (i.e. not applied to the reference surface)?

A: Hello, To assign a uniform horizontal projected load to a spherical shell, you must use the Surface traction load. You can specify any direction in any coordinate system which you may have defined.

Also, I recommend referring to this link: **Abaqus Tutorial for Beginners (Abaqus Tutorial for Civil Engineering)**

Best wishes.

## II. Buckling analysis in ABAQUS

Q: Hello, dear researchers, In simulation BRB systems, I guess there is always a step before running the full simulation for simplification purposes which is the initial imperfection modeling, what does that means? and is it necessary to avoid convergence problems and get better simulation?

– if so, how to enter the initial imperfection of the model in Abaqus?

A: Greetings, If you need to add imperfection for your buckling analysis, first you need to do a linear buckling of your model and get the results from the first three buckle modes; then, add the imperfection in a Static, Riks step. The imperfections must be a ratio of the results you got from the linear analysis. I suggest referring to the present package to learn how to do it.

## III. Post-failure behavior

**Q: **I simulated a push-out experiment Of a timber-concrete-combined- ceiling system In Abaqus. As a result, a force-displacement curve is required. After the failure, the calculation stops. However, I require further displacement. I added an amplitude to the load. time steps 0, 0.01, 0.02,…, 1, and a force that is linear to that (divided by 100).

So I’ve got the added force and the displacement, but the calculation stops somewhere around step 0.65.

Is there any way to solve this problem?

Thank you for your assistance!

**A: **Hi,

There are two ways to get results of the post-failure behavior:

First, you must do a simple Buckle analysis, then use the “Static, Riks” step to analyze your model and observe the post-failure behavior.

Second, you can use the Explicit solver for the post-behavior analysis from the start.

Refer to this link:

**Abaqus Tutorial for Beginners (Abaqus Tutorial for Civil Engineering)**

It will help you not only in your current problem but also in your future problems.

Best luck.

## IV. Force-displacement curve

**Q: **A short FEC column is simulated.

Why is the FEC in Abaqusupward?

**A: **Hi,

This happens when you only define plasticity and elastic behavior for your model. You need to define the damage as well. If you want to learn more, refer to this link:

**Abaqus Tutorial for Beginners (Abaqus Tutorial for Civil Engineering)**

Best wishes.

luigi-4786–5out of 5Sounds like a professional package. But the workshops are just tutorial examples or contain practical and industrial examples as well?

ian.sumer–5out of 5The first half of the course was okay, but the second half was a little more difficult and could have been better explained, especially the nodes and elements section for meshing.